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Mortgage basics

Making sense of it all

What is a mortgage?

At its simplest, a mortgage is a loan used to buy your home. Unlike many other types of lending (such as credit cards) a mortgage is secured against your home.

Paying back your mortgage - capital and interest

You borrow a sum of money - the capital. This is either paid back in part each month over a certain period of time, or all at once at the end of the term.

You also pay interest to the lender for the money you borrow. This is calculated as a percentage of the outstanding balance. Your monthly payment will either include an element of capital and interest or will only cover the interest part of the loan.